The Contemporary History III thematic sector is organized taking into account a totalizing perspective of History, from a critical point of view, which emphasizes the scientific and social dimensions of historical knowledge. The snippet emphasizes contemporaneity, its formation process, social conflicts and class struggles. The thematic lines presented below are guided by theoretical and methodological preoccupations concerning: themes and trends in contemporary historiography; history and social project; 20th/21st century marxisms and theories of history; history and science; irrationalism impacts on historians.

Culture and Society – culture and class relations; literature, music, theater, cinema, visual arts and social dynamics; intellectuals, classes and politics; educational and cultural institutions and power; culture and subaltern classes; culture, hegemony and counter-hegemonic resistance; press, publishers, new media and cultural industry; State and cultural policies; sport and society; language and ideology, modernity and modernism.

Economy and Society – slavery, resistance and class struggle in slavery, in a transatlantic perspective; transition from slavery to capitalism; peasant economies, moral economies and non-capitalist economies; property conflicts and transformations; capitalist world´s expansion, structure, dynamics and crises; agro-exporting economies; regional diversity, agents and conflicts; economic policies, class interests and dominant intraclass conflicts; rural and urban social movements; industrialization, companies, business community and business organizations; global history of work and working class formation; rural and urban associativism and syndicalism; strikes; urbanization process, urban contradictions, slums and poor outskirts; financial capital; imperialism, neoliberalism and globalization; education and work; social history of ports, migrations and transport processes; new work relationships and workers' deterioration; capitalism and environmental crisis.

Power and Society – State, domination forms and political regimes; Imperial State crisis and republic structuring in Brazil; political parties and social interests; State and Capitalism; power blocks constitution; articulations in civil society and public policies; populisms under discussion; State and regulatory/deregulatory policies and labor control; projects, revolutionary processes and socialist experiences; democracy, dictatorship and fascism; bourgeois autocracy in Brazil; dictatorships in Latin America; education and power; media and power; knowledge, science and power; coercion and repressive and police institutions; poverty and social movements criminalization; inequalities and oppression; gender, race, class, sexuality and religiosity conflicts; political and economic power relations in international system; right and power; colonialisms.