The organization of this sector adopts a totalizing perspective of History, based on a critical viewpoint, which emphasizes the scientific and social dimensions of historical knowledge. This focus emphasizes contemporaneity and its formation process. Presented below are the thematic areas which are guided by theoretical and methodological concerns related to: themes and tendencies of contemporary historiography; history and social projects; Marxisms of the twentieth century and history; history and science; impacts of post-modernism on historians.

Culture and Society: Culture and class relations; literature and social dynamics; intellectuals, classes, and politics; cultural institutions and power; culture and subaltern classes; culture, hegemony, and contra-hegemonic resistance in Brazil; media and cultural industrial; state and cultural policies; sport and society.

Economy and Society: Transition from slavery to capitalism in Brazil; resistance to slavery and class struggles in the final period of slavery; global capitalist culture, world, structure, dynamics, and crises; agri-exporting economies and intra-class conflicts in the dominant class; rural worker movements in the recent history of Brazil; industrialization, companies, and the business community; business organizations; formation of the working class in Brazil and in the Americas; trade unionism and working class movements; strikes; urbanization process, urban contradictions, favelas, and peripheries; urban social movement; finance capital in Brazil; economic policy and class interests; neoliberalism in Brazil and Latin America; imperialism, worldization and globalization; education and work; social struggles in the global world; the criminalization of poverty and social movements; the racial question and contemporaneity.

Power and Society: State, forms of domination and political regimes; republican proposals and practices; crisis of the Imperial state and structuring of the republic in Brazil; political parties and social interests; crisis of the liberal state and the construction of authoritarianism; constitution of power blocs; articulations in civil society and public policies; populisms in debate; state/trade unions relations; revolutionary projects in Brazil and Latin America; military dictatorships; education and power; knowledge, science, and power; police institutions; international relations.