The thematic sector of ancient history was created in 1988 and studies three cultures: 1. Ancient Greece – Bronze Age Mycenaean Palatial societies and the poleis from the eight to the fourth century BCE; 2. Ancient Rome – Republican Rome from the fifth century BCE to 30 BCE and Imperial Rome from 30 BCE to the end of the second century CE; 3. Celtic Societies from the first Iron Age to the fourth century CE.
The study of these cultures is carried out through the Program’s lines of research, based on the following themes:

Economy and Society: economic activities in rural and urban spaces; stratification and social movements; economic policy, networks and forms of sociability; settlement and colonization.

Power and Society: forms of exercising politics in Antiquity; power and religion; institutions and socio-political forms of organization; practices of opposition and contestation.

Culture and Society: social and imaginary representations; polytheisms and monotheisms in Antiquity; writing and orality; arts, pictorial representations, and literature; space and landscape; ancient ethnicity and uses of the past; contacts and identities.